Servitude- dasya rasa, friendship- sakhya rasa, parental affection- vatsalya rasa and conjugal love- shringar rasa are the four transcendental mellows, Rasas. To the devotees who cherish these four mellows Lord Krishna is subdued.
Purport by SrilaPrabhupada
Dasya, sakhya, vatsalya,shringar are the transcedental modes of loving service to the Lord. Shanta Rasa or the neutral stage is not mentioned in these rasas because although in shanta rasa one considers the absolute truth the sublime great; one does not go beyond that conception. Shanta rasa is a very grand idea for materialistic philosophers but such idealistic appreciation is only the beginning. It the lowest among the relationships in the spiritual world. Shanta rasa is not given much importance because as soon as there is a slight understanding between the knower and the known, active loving transcendental reciprocation and exchanges begin. Dasya rasa is the basic relationship between Krishna and his devotees. Therefore this verse considers dasya to be the first stage of transcendental devotional service.
Here Srila Prabhupada is commenting in regard to the shanta rasa, in regard to the reverential aspects of Supreme personality of Godhead such as Narayana. For the God of creation, as understood in the religions of the west, shanta rasa is most prominent . But in the realm of Vrindavan, shanta rasa is considered to be of less importance. To the extent that Srila Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami is specifically dealing with the four rasas beginning with dasya rasa, sakhya rasa, vatsalya rasa, shringar.
Purpose behind Krishna’s descent to this material world
Absorbed in such transcendental love, Lord ŚrīKṛṣṇa enjoys in Vraja with His devoted servants, friends, parents and conjugal lovers.
The descent of ŚrīKṛṣṇa, the Absolute Personality of Godhead, is very purposeful. In the Bhagavad-Gītā it is said that one who knows the truth about ŚrīKṛṣṇa’s descent and His various activities is at once liberated and does not have to fall again to this existence of birth and death after he leaves his present material body. In other words, one who factually understands Kṛṣṇa makes his life perfect. Imperfect life is realized in material existence, in five different relationships we share with everyone within the material world: neutrality, servitorship, friendship, filial love and amorous love between husband and wife or lover and beloved. These five enjoyable relationships within the material world are perverted reflections of relationships with the Absolute Personality of Godhead in the transcendental nature. That Absolute Personality, ŚrīKṛṣṇa, descends to revive the five eternally existing relationships. Thus He manifests His transcendental pastimes in Vraja so that people may be attracted into that sphere of activities and leave aside their imitation relationships with the mundane. Then, after fully exhibiting all such activities, the Lord disappears.
The five rasas, Prabhupada is explaining, are always existing amongst the living beings within this material world and off course how much these rasas become the all and all of this life and soul. The motivating power within people’s lives, within this world, the rasa friendship.
Rasas in this material world are perverted reflection of rasas in spiritual world
First we begin with servants, when we go to school, we have to sit, submissively hear from our teachers. When we go to college we must also sit and hear from our teachers. When we get a job as an employee we either have to serve the government or serve our employer or the owner of the corporation or we have to serve our customers. So, this idea of service is very very prominent in everyone’s life, is it not? Practically everybody’s occupation is in the rasa servitude. So, they probably spend 9 hour a day in the dasya rasa, serving the community, serving their employees, serving their firms, serving their customers and all of these things. And off course they have their friends, everyone has their social life. Some people they play together, some people go to races together, some people play cards together. These are the common things in Bombay today in the name of Sakhya Rasa.
Sometimes the adults, if they are more pious, they discuss politics and all non-sense together. What else you do with friends here in Bombay? Sometimes they go to movies together, they go to athletic events together, they go to picnics together. Sometimes they may even go to a temple together and off course children, they have their friends, they play, they race, they run, they compete in Sakhya Rasa. Our nature is, from our very childhood our life and soul has been being with our friends and just having fun in Sakhya Rasa, when we grow older we have so many friends and off course then there is the Vatsalya rasa of this material world. Parents! How much their whole life revolves around their children? When a mother has a baby child her whole life is simply revolving around caring for this baby, loving this baby, protecting this baby and father’s life and soul is working and taking care of and then gradually watching him grow up and helping him, providing for him, educating him. Vatsalya Rasa in this world.
And conjugal rasa in this world. How this sex attraction is so powerful. As soon as this age comes our sex desire becomes active in our hearts. It’s such an unavoidable meditation in the opposite sex longing to be with the opposite sex, longing to have intimate reciprocations with the opposite sex, if we are in a pious society. If we are in an impious society there is dating and all of these activities that go on in the west. In India people are a little more civilized; generally you are quite young before you get into all these dating habits, you get married. And then there is this rasa of lovers.
But in the material world all these rasas, they are very temporary and often times they end in ghastliness. Friends, how long do people remain friends in this world? Just think, throughout your life, there are different sets of friends, most of them have nothing to do with you now. From certain age, you develop different interests, then you don’t want to be with them anymore and then you go to another stage in your life.As soon as your interests change, your friends change and you don’t want to remain with those friends anymore. So, all this is so temporary. Often time’s friends become enemies because of envy, competition.
The Servitor Rasa
Everyone is looking for promotions. Why? Because they do not want to serve, they want to control, they want to be master. People can’t stay in a company without the promise that they will get promoted to higher and higher level. So, that you have to serve less people, and be served by more people.
So in this world, people are not satisfied with Sakhaya Rasa and people are not at all satisfied with Dasya Rasa. And Vatsalya Rasa, this intimate love for children and children, you cannot control children in this world. If they go the other way, they become the source of the greatest anxiety. If here in India, a child wants to marry a woman of another cast, his parents are ready to commit suicide, it’s terrible terrible pain to their hearts. What to speak when they move in to temple, their parents are constantly in anxiety. I think it’s true for many of us here today. So, this Vatsalya Rasa in this material world generally ends in frustration and anxiety. What to speak of conjugal lovers.
In the western world one out of every two and a half marriages ends in divorce within the first three years due to frustration, anxiety, envy, competition amongst lovers. It just torments people. Due to frustrated sex desire people become alcoholic, they become drug addicts, they become criminals. In fact Siegman Fried was one of the great philosophers of the west, he analyzed that all the problems of the world are simply motivated or born from sex frustration. His whole philosophy, he wrote entire books that were centered on how this whole world is simply centered around sex attraction. Sex attraction is all and all he said. And all the problems of all aspects of life, if you go down to its most fundamental problem, its frustrated sex life. He did not talk about soul, he did not talk about God. The only process is somehow or the other, one should have full and wholesome sex life. Otherwise all frustration and anxiety. Basically he said it is impossible to have full and satisfying sex life. One time they were arguing with our devotees and our devotees were explaining that there is something beyond sex. And off course these people could not accept because they were so steeped in this idea. So these Freudian philosophers were brought to Prabhupada after the devotees got frustrated that they could not defeat them in argumentation, they brought them to Prabhupada and Prabhupada said ‘Yes you are right, everything is revolving around sex life. All the problems in this world are based on frustrated sex life. Whatever your friend is saying, is true. But only from the material point of view. But what is untrue is that he does not understand that there is another principle behind material existence’
You can understand that this MadhuryaRasa(Conjugal Rasa) in this material world is the most ghastly frustrating situation. Why? Because these five rasas which we all are so much involved in, are perverted reflections of the true rasas of the spiritual world. In spiritual world these rasas are perfect and complete. Why? Because the object of our service, of our friendship, of our parental affection or of our conjugal love, the object is perfect and complete but because in this material world, the object of these rasas is incomplete and imperfect, the experience is imperfect and incomplete and therefore the soul is always frustrated.
That is why Rupa Goswami warns us that if you are attached to your family, your home, your society, your wealth, your love, do not go to Keshi Ghat because Krishna is standing there in his beautiful threefold bended form decorated with peacock feather, playing upon his flute, when you see him, you will never want to go back to these other relations of this world. Your friends, your parents, your children, your employees, your government, your lovers, they will have no meaning to you anymore, they will not have any flavor to you anymore, after you experience these rasas in relationship with Krishna. Why? Because Krishna is perfect and complete and soul is looking for perfect and complete relationships.
Therefore it is understood that these five rasas which are the basis of all pleasure in this material world are simply perverted reflections of the perfect rasas of Vrindavana.
Purpose of Material World
Lord Kṛiṣhna enjoys His transcendental pastimes as long as He wishes, and then He disappears. After disappearing, however, He thinks thus:
“For a long time I have not bestowed unalloyed loving service to Me upon the inhabitants of the world. Without such loving attachment, the existence of the material world is useless.
The Lord seldom awards pure transcendental love, but without such pure love of God, freed from fruitive activities and empiric speculation, one cannot attain perfection in life.
Here Krishna das kaviraj Goswami says, “see how empowered he is, that Krishna is revealing to Kaviraj Goswami, how he thinks. Chaitanya Charitamrita is a very very advanced literature. In the Bhagavada Gita it is revealed to us what Krishna speaks and in the Srimad Bhagavatam it is revealed to us, even more intimately what Krishna does, his activities. But in Chaitanya Charitamrita here, Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami, as the representative of the Lord is revealing to us how Krishna thinks, what are his thoughts, what is his heart’s feelings and really entire Chaitanya Charitamrita is the revelation of Krishna’s heart. The Bhagavada Gita is his words, the Bhagavatam is his actions but Chaitanya Charitamrita, the whole principle is Krishna, is his thinking within his heart, I want to experience the feeling of the love of Radha and Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Krishna experiencing the inner love of Radha and Lord Chaitanya is expressing through his action, through his words that inner love. So here kaviraj begins this very very very transcendental, intimate revelation of Krishna’s heart. After disappearing from this world Krishna thinks like this, “for a long time I have not bestowed unalloyed loving service to me upon the inhabitants of the world. Without such loving attachment, the existence of this material world is useless.”
The Lord seldom awards such pure devotional love but without such pure love of God freed from fruitive activities and imperfect speculation, one cannot attain perfection in life. Krishna is thinking that this material world is useless, unless the people of this world develop loving attachment to me. The whole purposes of this material world essentially is to caste us into these five perverted rasas and totally frustrate us through these five perverted rasas. So, that we turn away from these five perverted rasas and seek out true eternal rasas by developing attachment to Krishna.
Perfect marriage is the marriage that frustrates people so much that they never want to have such a situation ever again. They do not divorce, they have to do it, they have to stay together because of their moral obligation but it is such a frightening situation that you never ever want to take birth again in this material world, you just turn to Krishna utterly. So, this is a perfect relationship. Off course Sanyasis say different things. Grahastas say that a perfect marriage is where everything is very smooth, very nice, very wonderful and everything else. Off course it is like that when you together cultivate Krishna Consciousness and fully engage in devotional service, it is also perfect. But even if it is ghastly, frustrating and terrible, it gives you thirst to attach to Krishna only and nobody else,that is also perfect. So this is the purpose of this whole material world, to frustrate people with these five perverted rasa that they just long for attachment to Krishna. So, Krishna is here thinking that unless I come down and reveal myself to the world and attract them to me, then the whole world is useless. Then they will be just frustrated and will be looking for another alternative, another alternative, and another alternative and another alternative in the same sphere of illusion.
sakalajagate more karevidhi-bhakti
“Everywhere in the world people worship Me according to scriptural injunctions. But simply by following such regulative principles one cannot attain the loving sentiments of the devotees in Vrajabhūmi.”
Story of Vena
Just like there is story of Maharaja Anga, he was a very pious king, he was a very great devotee of the Lord and he had a son, his name was Vena, King Vena. And King Vena, he was such a Rascal from his childhood, he used to murder his friends in his play, that was his fun. He would get his friends together and torture them so that they would be screaming in pain and kill them. He would be like aaahhhh. Just see how good fun I have had today, his childhood games, he was always lying and always cheating and his parents had no control over him, no control , he was terrible and everyone was complaining and Maharaja Anga was the king, he was supposed to have respect, he was the prince, his dignity. All the citizens just thought what kind of a terrible King is this, he has such a terrible son, and he is uncontrollable, utterly dis-respectful, and cruel. When he would be coming, people would run away. “Here comes cruel Vena”.
So his father was so utterly frustrated for years and years and years, there was nothing he could do, he was beyond his control, his heart was so filled with pain to have a son like this but one day at the peak of his anxiety he realized that this is the mercy of God. I am such a pious person. I have such a nice Kingdom, such a nice wife, such a nice palace. If it wasn’t for a son like this, I would never detach myself from these things but now I can’t stand my palace because now my son is there. I can’t tolerate anything about this kingdom because my son is there. So, he says I must go and take Sanayas, not formally, but in spirit he just one day without telling anyone he just, paid grateful obeisance’s to the Supreme Personality and he left, never to be seen again and he attained the perfection of life. He was so happy that by the grace of God he had such a terrible situation that he was able to detach himself from the material life. Because he was essentially a God conscious person, he was a Krishna conscious person, the frustration of the rasas of the material world; this vatsalya rasa for him was terrible. It actually profited him to become exclusively attached to Krishna andhe attained Krishna consciousness.
Everywhere in the world people worship me according to scriptural injunctions but simply by following regulative principles one cannot attain loving sentiments of the devotees of Vrajbhumi. In the name of religion people are very much either following certain rituals, certain superstitious traditions or even those who are more sincere, they strictly follow scriptural injunctions. He says everywhere in the world, he is talking about all religions, but he is explaining that by simply following these religious principles and adhering to scriptural injunctions one cannot attain loving sentiments of the devotees of Vraja that is the purpose of life.
Purpose behind descent of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
“Knowing My opulences, the whole world looks upon Me with awe and veneration. But devotion made feeble by such reverence does not attract Me.
After His disappearance, Lord Kṛṣṇa thought that He had not distributed the transcendental personal dealings with His devotees in dāsya, sakhya, vātsalya and mādhurya rasas. One may understand the science of the Supreme Personality of Godhead from the Vedic literatures and thus become a devotee of the Lord and worship Him within the regulative principles described in the scriptures, but one will not know in this way how Kṛṣṇa is served by the residents of Vrajabhūmi. One cannot understand the dealings of the Lord in Vṛndāvana simply by executing the ritualistic regulative principles mentioned in the scriptures. By following scriptural injunctions one may enhance his appreciation for the glories of The Lord, but there is no chance for one to enter into personal dealings with Him. Giving too much attention to understanding the exalted glories of The Lord reduces the chance of one’s entering into personal loving affairs with The Lord. To teach the principles of such loving dealings, The Lord decided to appear as Lord Caitanya.
“By performing such regulated devotional service in awe and veneration, one may go to Vaikuṇṭha and attain the four kinds of liberation.
sārṣṭi, sārūpya, ārasāmīpya, sālokya
“These liberations are sārṣṭi [achieving opulences equal to those of the Lord], sārūpya [having a form the same as the Lord’s], sāmīpya [living as a personal associate of the Lord] and sālokya [living on a Vaikuṇṭha planet]. Devotees never accept sāyujya, however, since that is oneness with Brahman.
“I shall personally inaugurate the religion of the age — nāma-sańkīrtana, the congregational chanting of the holy name. I shall make the world dance in ecstasy, realizing the four mellows of loving devotional service.
“I shall accept the role of a devotee, and I shall teach devotional service by practicing it Myself.
When one associates with a pure devotee, he becomes so elevated that he does not aspire even for sārṣṭi, sārūpya, sāmīpya or sālokya, because he feels that such liberation is a kind of sense gratification. Pure devotees do not ask anything from the Lord for their personal benefit. Even if offered personal benefits, pure devotees do not accept them, because their only desire is to satisfy the Supreme Personality of Godhead by transcendental loving service. No one but the Lord Himself can teach this highest form of devotional service. Therefore, when the Lord took the place of the incarnation of Kali-yuga to spread the glories of chanting Hare Kṛṣṇa the system of worship recommended in this age. He also distributed the process of devotional service performed on the platform of transcendental spontaneous love. To teach the highest principles of spiritual life, the Lord Himself appeared as a devotee in the form of Lord Caitanya.
“Unless one practices devotional services himself, he cannot teach it to others. This conclusion is indeed confirmed throughout the Gītā and Bhāgavatam.
“‘Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion at that time I descend Myself.
“‘To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I Myself appear, millennium after millennium.’
“‘If I did not show the proper principles of religion, all these worlds would fall into ruin. I would be the cause of unwanted population and would spoil all these living beings.’
“‘Whatever actions a great man performs, common people follow. And whatever standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues.’
“My plenary portions can establish the principles of religion for each age. No one but Me, however, can bestow the kind of loving service performed by the residents of Vraja.
“‘There may be many all-auspicious incarnations of the Personality of Godhead, but who other than Lord ŚrīKṛṣṇa can bestow love of God upon the surrendered souls?’
“Therefore in the company of My devotees I shall appear on earth and perform various colorful pastimes.”
Thinking thus, the Personality of Godhead, ŚrīKṛṣṇa Himself, descended at Nadia early in the Age of Kali.
The prathama-sandhyā is the beginning of the age. According to astronomical calculation, the age is divided into twelve parts. The first of these twelve divisions is known as the prathama-sandhyā. The prathama-sandhyā and śeṣa-sandhyā, the last division of the preceding age, form the junction of the two ages. According to the Sūrya-siddhānta, the prathama-sandhyā of Kali-yuga lasts 36,000 solar years. Lord Caitanya appeared in the prathama-sandhyā after 4,586 solar years of Kali-yuga had passed.
siḿha–grīva, siḿha–vīrya, siḿherahuńkāra
Thus the lionlike Lord Caitanya has appeared in Navadvīpa. He has the shoulders of a lion, the powers of a lion, and the loud voice of a lion.
May that lion be seated in the core of the heart of every living being. Thus with His resounding roar may He drive away one’s elephantine vices.
Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu ki Jai!!!
Some of these beautiful slokas are really the most precious slokas. Kaviraj Goswami is revealing the heart of Krishna, why and when He decided to appear as Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. I would like you to tell me now what the reasoning in Krishna’s heart was? Why he decided to appear in Kali yuga as Lord Shri Chaitanya? Everyone can give one reason that we explained.
A pure devotee even rejects the four kind of liberation; he simply wants unalloyed loving service to the Lord in any situation. This is the spirit of the residents of Vrindavan and this is unique among all the Vaikuntha planets. In Vaikuntha all these four kinds of liberation are present but the brajvasis reject all of them, they only want to be Krishna’s friend, His lover, and His parents.
And then he explains that “I shall personally inaugurate the religion of the age Naam Sankirtan, the congregational chanting of the Holy name. I shall make the world dance in ecstasy realizing the four mellows of devotional service”.
This is very important; he is explaining here that simply by the congregational chanting of the Holy name, the whole world could realize the four mellows of loving devotional service. Dasya Rasa, Sakhya Rasa, Vatsalya Rasa, Madhurya Rasa. Krishna himself here is explaining the power of the Holy name. That simply by congregational chanting of the Holy name the world will dance in ecstasy realizing these four mellows of devotional service. That is why Srila Prabhpada would follow this line of reasoning of Gauranga Mahaprabhu, of Krishna and he would say “Just chant Hare Krishna and be happy”.
And then he describes “I shall accept the role of a devotee and I shall teach devotional service by practicing it myself. By practicing what? The congregational chanting of the Holy name. Krishna decided that I am going to distribute the highest principles of The love of God in these four ecstatic mellows of Vrajbhumi by personally demonstrating the chanting of The Holy name of The Lord.
And then He becomes very strict preacher. Unless one practices devotional services himself he cannot teach it to others. This is what Lord expects from his preachers, “Unless we practice devotional service ourselves, we cannot teach it to others”. So He took the responsibility He has given to his preachers. He has taken upon himself to practice it. The Supreme Lord Krishna has decided that I will practice it myself to set the proper path for all and then he explains the reasons in the Gita.
“Whenever there is a decline in religious principles and arise in irreligion, I descend to protect the pious and annihilate the miscreants and re-establish the principles of religion. I appear millennium after millennium”.
And then He explains if I do not personally take this cause upon myself the whole world will be lost.
And then He explains that His plenary portions can establish the Yuga Dharma for the various ages but no one but Him can reveal and bestow the loving service of the devotees of Vraja and then He explains that out of so many of His auspicious incarnations that have come to teach love of God, to teach the ultimate goal of life but He realizes that only if I appear in my original supreme from, can I distribute the love of Vrindavan.
Therefore, in the company of my devotees I shall appear on earth and perform various colorful pastimes. And KrishnaDas Kaviraj Goswami concludes this particular section by saying that “May that Lion Lord Chaitanya be seated in the core of the heart of every living being. Thus with His resounding roar He drives away one’s elephantine vices and what is that resounding roar of Lord Chaitanya: Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare.
It is a very very beautiful explanation by Kaviraj Goswami, “The descent of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu”, how poetic. He is explaining Krishna’s own mind and Krishna’s own feelings. How Krishna made the decision to come to this world as Mahaprabhu, there must be something special. Any questions
Question:- After descent of the most merciful incarnation of Lord Krishna as Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, situation has gone down so worse at the same place where he appeared. Is it his wish or is it that he has been completely forgotten?
Answer: – Because in Kali Yuga things deteriorate very fast and therefore Lord sends his empowered representatives to revitalize. Although Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared to distribute the highest principles of love of God. In the age of Kali yuga, even the best things instantly become perverted. Therefore Mahaprabhu established these highest principles but He will maintain them, preserve them only through the present Acaryas. Unless there are living embodiments, who are living according to these principles, they will be completely forgotten and lost to the whole world.
Chaintanya Mahaprabhu came to establish by His lila, by The Chaitanya Charitamrita, by Chaitanya Bhagavat, He has come to establish the highest principles. He empowered Rupa Goswami and Sanatana Goswami to reveal the way. But even with all these great literatures and all of his great histories. Still in the age of Kali, things instantly become perverted and dwindle. Therefore Lord through the disciplic succession of great Acaryas, He is empowering Himself, He is empowering His representatives personally to continue the force of purity of this great Naam-Sankirtan and when there is a dwindling it only gives more glory to that devotee that He empowers. So kali yuga takes its course, its allowed to take its course but then He empowers His devotees, how much more they become glorified by their tremendous compassion at work and the Lord finds the greatest pleasure in seeing His devotee glorified.
Question :-Not Audible.
Answer: – There are two types of Acaryas:- one is who has descended specifically to execute the will of The Lord and one is a devotee who has by the process of surrendering, empowered by The Lord. Ultimately The Lord works His will through the person who has completely surrendered, depending on the desire.
What was the difference between Srila Prabhupada and his God brothers, many of them were exalted pure devotees, hard to judge who has a higher rasa with Krishna in the spiritual world. But the only difference is, his desire to rescue the souls of this world is burning far greater than any of the others and for that reason Krishna empowered him more than all the others